Duke William of Normandy
Father: Robert I, Duke of Normandy
Mother: Robert's mistress Herleva (daughter of a tanner or embalmer)
Claim to the English Crown: English king Edward the Confessor (childless) supposedly named William (his first cousin once removed) his successor.
William was seven or eight when he inherited the duchy. King Henry I of France supported him. A number of William's guardians were killed in the attempts on his life.
Spent a great amount of his majority in warfare. At Alençon william cut the hands and feet from the prisoners before catapulting them back into the city. This was to retaliate for the taunting of hides hung from the walls as an insult to William's heritage.
early August, adverse winds kept the ships in Normandy until late September.
landing in England at Pevensey Bay on 28 September.
he battle began at about 9 am on 14 October and lasted all day
Earl Harold Godwinson of Wessex
crowned on 6 January 1066
Harold kept his forces on alert throughout the summer, but with the arrival of the harvest season he disbanded his army on 8 September
King Harald Hardrada of Norway also had a claim to the throne as the uncle and heir of King Magnus I,
Tostig Godwinson and Harald Hardrada invaded Northumbria in September 1066 and defeated the local forces under Morcar and Edwin at the Battle of Fulford near York. King Harold received word of their invasion and marched north, defeating the invaders and killing Tostig and Hardrada on 25 September at the Battle of Stamford Bridge.
English clergy and magnates nominated Edgar the Ætheling as king (after Harold's death at Hastings)
Early in 1069, Edgar the Ætheling rose in revolt and attacked York. Although William returned to York and built another castle, Edgar remained free, and in the autumn he joined up with King Sweyn.[p] The Danish king had brought a large fleet to England and attacked not only York but Exeter and Shrewsbury. York was captured by the combined forces of Edgar and Sweyn. Edgar was proclaimed king by his supporters. William responded swiftly, ignoring a continental revolt in Maine, and symbolically wore his crown in the ruins of York on Christmas Day 1069. He then proceeded to buy off the Danes. He marched to the River Tees, ravaging the countryside as he went. Edgar, having lost much of his support, fled to Scotland, where King Malcolm III was married to Edgar's sister Margaret. Waltheof,
King Sweyn.[p] The Danish king
King Malcolm III
King Malcolm III was married to Edgar's sister Margaret. Waltheof,
Robert de Comines
Earl Kimball of Tresche
Roan "the Fearless"
caine de Braose
Lady Mary, recently of Mercia
Meryl of Asterton